If you were to ask one hundred Americans the question, “what is the gospel?”, you would no doubt hear many different answers. If you were to ask that same question to the same number of professing christians, you might hear something more related to Jesus’s salvific work on the cross. However, if you were to press those christians on what the gospel actually means, it is likely you will hear a truncated understanding that equates to a, “get out of hell free card.” This has been a common issue, not just in the Bible-belt, but throughout the entire country for years. As a result, in recent years the term, “gospel centrality” has been popularized within evangelicalism. Gospel centrality is the belief that the gospel that saved, is the same gospel that should be made central in every christian’s life. Meaning, the gospel is more powerful than we think, and does more than we could ever imagine. Gospel centrality is not just a new fad that will come and go, but rather a profoundly biblical truth that has life changing implications.
First, although the phrase gospel centrality is new, the principle is not. In order to understand what gospel centrality is, one must first be able to answer the question, what is the gospel? One of the most clear definitions of the gospel is found in 1 Corinthians 15:1-4, written almost 2,000 years ago. In these verses, the apostle Paul sums up the gospel by saying, “the gospel is the death, burial, and resurrection of Jesus Christ”. In verse 1, Paul said, “Moreover, brethren, I declare unto you the gospel which I preached unto you, which also ye have received, and wherein ye stand.” In this verse, by using words like, “received” and “wherein ye stand”, Paul makes it clear that they knew the gospel. So, why was Paul reminding his audience of the gospel? Roy Ciampa and Brian Rosner, in their highly regarded commentary on 1 Corinthians, said, “Paul’s recounting of the gospel message reflects the fact that it is first and foremost a message about Jesus Christ and what he has done for us, rather than being a message primarily about us and how we can be saved.” Ciampa and Rosner sheds some light on the heart of the gospel. Gospel centrality, at its core, is a belief that the gospel is all about Jesus. Paul also mentioned in that passage that the gospel was “…of first importance…” (1 Cor. 15:3) Paul wanted the church in Corinth to understand the sufficiency and importance of the gospel. Referencing this verse in his book, Gospel Wakefulness, Jared Wilson argues that since Paul said that the gospel is “of first importance”, churches today should not assume the gospel, but rather, the gospel […should be the clearest, most prevalent message and theme of all a community’s worship and focus]. Wilson makes the case for what place the gospel should hold, both in the church and in the christian’s life.
Furthermore, the principle of gospel centrality, namely the belief that the gospel is a message about what God has accomplished for mankind, has been believed and written about throughout church history. Martin Luther, synonymous with the protestant reformation in the sixteenth century, when referring to the gospel, said it is something that we must [repeat and beat into our minds]. One might wonder, how does Luther’s statement relate to gospel centrality? It relates in signifiant ways because the truth of the gospel does not come naturally to sinners, trying to be justified by the law, does. That is why one has to remind themselves of this beautiful truth constantly. In their book, Church history 101, the authors, when referring to the reformation in 1517, point out that one of the things that led to Martin Luther nailing the 95 theses to the castle door in Wittenberg, was Luther’s new understanding of the gospel and all of its implications. To say that this event was one of the most transformative events throughout church history would be an understatement. The authors also argued that one of the byproducts of the great awakening in the eighteenth century was a more holistic view of the gospel. This is important to note because some of the most influential christian writers in history, most commonly known as the puritans, were heavily influenced by this movement. There are countless other examples that could be used to demonstrate that although the phrase, gospel centrality is somewhat new, the principle behind the phrase is certainly not.
Next, another important aspect of gospel centrality is how the gospel shapes the christian. In Galatians 2, the apostle Paul admonished Peter’s racial pride by saying that his life was not in step with the gospel. What did Peter do that warranted such a strong rebuke from Paul? Peter, being a Jew, decided to not associate with Gentiles out of a fear of what people might think. During this time, racial tensions were high, and it was not common for Jews to mingle with Gentiles. Scot McKnight, in his commentary on Galatians, provides some additional context to this passage. McKnight points out that Peter’s upbringing was formed by the law, that is to say, he knew the law extremely well. In contrast, the gospel and all of its implications were extremely new. McKnight makes a good point that explains Peter’s actions. Peter, being an apostle, knew the gospel, but at the same time was still a sinner that had areas of his life that still needed to be transformed by the gospel. The inference here is that the gospel of Jesus Christ is not just a message that saves, but it is a message that shapes every part of the christian’s life.
Another example of how the gospel shapes the Christian can be found in the book of Philippians, “'being confident of this very thing, that he which hath begun a good work in you will perform it until the day of Jesus Christ.” Paul, the author of this book, was writing to the church at Philippi for the main purpose to give them hope in uncertain times. The way that Paul chose to give them hope is very telling; he reassures them of God’s sanctifying work in their lives. What a tremendous thought, not only does God save sinners, but the Bible is clear that He is committed to our sanctification for the ultimate purpose of making us more like Christ. Jeff Vanderstelt, in his book titled Gospel fluency, said, “The gospel is good news for our sanctification—the ongoing work of God saving us and conforming us daily into the image of Christ. Our activity in this process is ongoing repentance from unbelief to belief in the gospel.” Vanderstelt brilliantly makes the connection between God’s sanctifying work in the believer and the responsibility of the believer. God does the saving, sanctifying, and securing in the christian’s life. The christian on the other hand, clings to the glorious gospel of Christ. This also seems to be the thought that J.C. Ryle had in mind when he so eloquently said:
If we would be sanctified, our course is clear and plain—we must begin with Christ. We must go to Him as sinners, with no plea but that of utter need, and cast our souls on Him by faith. . . . If we would grow in holiness and become more sanctified, we must continually go on as we began, and be ever making fresh applications to Christ.
Ryle probably never heard of the phrase gospel centrality, but one could argue that he was most certainly gospel-centered. So, how does the gospel shape the christian’s life? In short, the gospel takes the eyes off the sinner and places them solely on the savior, Jesus Christ.
Finally, the last facet of the gospel is how it shapes the church. The apostle Paul, when writing to the church in Ephesus explaining Jesus’s ultimate plan for the church, said, “that he might present it to himself a glorious church, not having spot, or wrinkle.” (Eph. 5:27) In this verse, when Paul uses words like “holy” and “without blemish”, it is clear that he is not referring to the current status of churches today. No honest church member would be able to describe their church with those adjectives. So, if this is Jesus’s ultimate goal for the future, and not right now, what does God expect from churches today? To answer this question, one first needs to go back to the passage in Ephesians, “…Christ loved the church and gave himself up for it.” (Eph. 5:25) Knowing that Jesus does not just love the future, perfect version of His church, but actually loves the fallen, helpless version of His church is truly amazing. This truth means that Christ is committed to making us perfect and spotless. Ray Ortlund, in his book The Gospel: How the church portrays the beauty of Christ, proves this by saying, “When men look for a bride, they often look for a beauty queen. But Christ chose the dirty one who needed his cleansing.” Ortlund strikes a chord regarding the love that Jesus extends to undeserving sinners. To the degree that a believer understands what Christ accomplished for the church and His affections towards the church, will be reflected in the believers relationship to the church body.
Another example of how the gospel shapes the church can be found in 1 Thes 1:5-6, “For our gospel came not unto you in word only, but also in power, and in the Holy Ghost, and in much assurance; as ye know what manner of men we were among you for your sake. And ye became followers of us, and of the Lord, having received the word in much affliction, with joy of the Holy Ghost” Paul was writing to this group of believers to share with them his thankfulness for God’s work on their behalf. In these verses, Paul mentions that when he brought the gospel to them, he did it in three ways: “in word” meaning the proclamation of the gospel, “in the power of the Holy Ghost” referring to the power of the gospel, and finally “in much assurance” which is to say, he was fully persuaded by the importance of the gospel. In verse 8 of this passage, Paul continues to say, “For from you sounded out the word of the Lord not only in Macedonia and Achaia, but also in every place your faith to God-ward is spread abroad…” Michael Holmes, in his commentary on 1 Thessalonians, pointed out that the Thessalonian congregation lived out the gospel truth that they believed with their community. What a striking thought, the gospel is not just a truth to be believed personally, but it is a truth that shapes the way we interact with the church.
In conclusion, gospel centrality, when properly understood, is like drinking a cup of ice cold water in a hot desert. The reason is because without the truth of the gospel, we end up trying to live the christian life in our own strength, which leads to either discouragement or self-righteousness. Centering our life on the gospel avoids both of these ditches, because the gospel enables us to live the way that God intended. Seeing this principle throughout church history, and understanding how it shapes the christian and the church, all prove the significance of this precious truth. Only God knows how much longer the phrase, “gospel centrality” will be popular, but one thing that is certain, this principle will last forever.
Anyone who has been a Christian for a while has most likely heard a sermon from the book of Jonah. The two events that most people remember about Jonah are the minor prophet’s disobedience and him being swallowed up by a big fish. Unfortunately, many preachers make the mistake of only focusing on these two details and miss out on an abundance of other important lessons that ought to be considered. The book of Jonah is more than just a story about a big fish, it is a book filled with a richness and a depth that showcases the splendor of God.
First, the big fish is not the main point of Jonah. Of course, in the minds of many, Jonah will always be synonymous with the big fish. However, Jonah being swallowed up by the fish was just one means that God was using to sanctify this rebellious prophet. The main theme seen throughout the entire book is God’s compassion. This is proven by God sparing the mariners, Jonah, and Nineveh in chapters one through three respectively, while also being patient with Jonah in chapter four. God’s grace is on full display throughout Jonah’s story.
Second, Jonah is more relatable than one might think. When some preachers talk about Jonah’s shortcomings, they only mention his disobedience when he runs away from God. The problem is that they are forgetting about some other major character flaws, such as Jonah’s self-righteousness and nationalism, which broadens his scope of relatability. These flaws come to light in chapter four, after God relented His judgment on Nineveh, Jonah became very angry with God. This anger came from the fact that Nineveh was a grave threat to Jonah’s homeland. Jonah getting angry with God for showing mercy on one of his home country’s enemies reveals his self-righteousness and nationalism. God included all of these details in regards to Jonah’s failures for a reason. By only choosing to mention Jonah’s disobedience and ignoring his other foibles, prevents one from identifying with the other facets of Jonah’s sinfulness.
Finally, Jonah does not have a fairytale ending. This is the other misconception regarding the book of Jonah. When most people think of the end of Jonah, they might remember Nineveh repenting through Jonah’s preaching. Although that is true, it is also incomplete. The Bible does say that Nineveh, “turned from their evil way” (Jon 3:10); however, there is no record of Nineveh actually covenanting with God. The last chapter of Jonah also has a counterintuitive ending. The book of Jonah essentially ends with God patiently asking Jonah a question that was meant to correct his sinful attitude; this is far from a fairytale ending.
As a result of many people missing the point of the big fish, only pointing out one of Jonah’s sins, or assuming Jonah’s story ends on a high note proves that Jonah is one of the most misunderstood books in the Bible. When churches only teach Jonah in the children’s ministry or only preach on Jonah’s rebellion, God’s people are missing out on other rich truths found throughout the entire book. The book of Jonah is not about a big fish; it is about the compassion of an almighty God.
When I first became a Christian, I was taught the importance of reading my Bible everyday. Like many first time Bible readers, I had no clue where to start, so I played Bible roulette with my Schofield and landed in 1 Samuel. After reading just a few verses of places I never heard of and names that I could not pronounce, I gave up and went to the New Testament to start reading The Gospel of John. At that time, the Old Testament was incredibly intimidating to me. I also thought since Jesus’s life, death, and resurrection occurred in the New Testament, the Old Testament was not as important. However, God in his kindness enabled me to learn that a clear understanding of the Old Testament is essential to understanding the New Testament.
First, the storyline of the Bible can not be understood without the Old Testament. By storyline of the Bible, I am referring to the historical redemptive paradigm. It is commonly defined as: Creation, Fall, Redemption, and New Creation. These are key events that occurred throughout Scripture. Two of these events (Creation and Fall) take place in the Old Testament. Creation teaches that God is the all-powerful creator of everything and considered it all to be good, including mankind. However, the Fall teaches that since man disobeyed God, man’s punishment is eternal separation from God. Without knowing these events that take place in the Old Testament, the good news of Redemption and New Creation found in the New Testament, makes no sense.
Second, many of the New Testament characters emphasized the importance of the Old Testament. The Apostle Peter said, "Unto whom it was revealed, that not unto themselves, but unto us they did minister the things, which are now reported unto you" (1 Pt 1:12). That is to say, the prophets in the Old Testament were writing for future generations, not only for a specific time in history. The Apostle Paul said, "For whatsoever things were written aforetime were written for our learning, that we through patience and comfort of the scriptures might have hope." (Rom 15:4). Paul also said, "All scripture is given by inspiration of God, and is profitable for doctrine, for reproof, for correction, for instruction in righteousness" (2 Tm 3:16). It is clear that all of the aforementioned characters strongly believed that the Old Testament was vitally important for the Church.
Finally, the Old Testament highlights our need for a savior. In Genesis, after the Fall, God made a special promise to Abraham, that through him all Nations of the earth would be blessed. That was the start of God choosing a special people for Himself. This special people became known as Israel. Israel was God’s chosen people and their job was to be a Light to the Nations. Unfortunately, Israel failed and was unable to live up to God’s standards. However, where Israel failed, Jesus Christ succeeded. What becomes evidently clear throughout Scripture is that the Old Testament is a long, diverse story ultimately pointing to mankind’s need to be rescued.
Properly understanding the significance and beauty of the Old Testament is absolutely vital to understand the New Testament. The storyline of Scripture, the New Testament authors, and mankind’s continual failure, all validate the incredible importance of the Old Testament. Perhaps the most convincing argument was spoken by none other than Jesus Christ, "Search the scriptures; for in them ye think ye have eternal life: and they are they which testify of me." (Jn 5:39). Jesus clearly said that all of the Old Testament points to Him.